Christopher from Dublin, enlisted, pre war, with the 1st Battalion, Irish Guards on the 16th of October 1912.
Following the outbreak of the Great War, 1st Battalion, The Irish Guards was deployed to France almost immediately, and they remained on the Western Front for the duration of the war. Christopher, in fact, was one of the first to go, his battalion landing at Le Havre on the 13th of August 1914 as part of the 4th (Guards) Brigade, 2nd Division.
The 1st Battalion was involved in fighting for the duration of ‘First Ypres’, at Langemark, Gheluvelt and Nonne Boschen. The 1st Battalion suffered huge casualties between November 1–8 holding the line against near defeat by German forces, while defending Klein Zillebeck.
In May 1915, the 1st Irish Guards took part in the Battle of Festubert, though did not see much action. Two further battalions were formed for the regiment in July. In September that year, the battalion, as well as the 2nd Irish Guards, who had reached France in August, took part in the Battle of Loos, which lasted from 25 September until early October.It was here I believe where Christopher was wounded in action. Both battalions spent the rest of 1915 in the trenches and did not fight in any major engagements.
This relative quiet period for the regiment was broken on 1 July 1916 when the Battle of the Somme began. The 1st Irish Guards took part in an action at Flers-Courcelette where they suffered severe casualties in the attack in the face of withering fire from the German machine-guns. The battalion also took part in the action at Morval, before they were relieved the by the 2nd Irish Guards.
In 1917 the Irish Guards took part in the Battle of Pilckem which began on the 31 July during the Third Battle of Ypres. The Irish Guards also took part in the Battle of Cambrai in that year, the first large use of the tank in battle took place during the engagement.] In 1918 the regiment fought in a number of engagements during the Second Battle of the Somme, including at Arras and Albert. The regiment then went on to take part in a number of battles during the British offensives against the Hindenburg Line. On 11 November 1918 the Armistice with Germany was signed.
The sacrifice by the Irish Guards during the First World War, however, was immense. Over 2,300 officers and men had been killed and well over 5,000 wounded. The regiment was awarded 406 medals, including four VCs, during the Great War.
Christopher was discharged & returned to Dublin in February 1919, having served almost 5 years, surviving the savagary & bloodshed of the war in Europe.
Augustine Hackett landed in France with the 6th Battalion Connaught Rangers on the 17th December 1915, attached to the 47th Brigade in 16th (Irish) Division, for service on the Western Front.
The Battalion was involved in action during operations in Guillemont & Guinchy. In just over a week’s fighting here in September 1916, the 6th Battalion lost 23 officers and 407 other ranks. Augustine coming through this attack unscathed. It was during this battle that he was awarded a Divisional Parchment Certificate for gallantry in action.
February 1917 saw the 6th Connaughts involved in fighting during the Battle of Messines (near the Petit Boise and Maedelstede Farm mines), carrying out numerous trench raids aimed at forcing temporary entry into the enemy’s line in order to kill defenders, destroy fortifications and weapons, gain intelligence by the capture of maps and documents, and return with prisoners.
Augustine was part of large trench raid, near Kemmel, on the 19th February, when 9 Officers & 190 men went forward under cover of a dense fog The war diary mentions the men ‘cheerfully tucking green miniature Irish flags into their caps or buttonholes’, before moving out at 7.15am.
The Germans however, put up stiff resistance, and at no point did the Rangers succeed in getting past the German wire.
The battalion lost 3 Officers & 8 men killed 2 Officers & 17 men wounded. Augustine tragically, was one of those men killed. The Commanding Officer, Rowland Fielding, mentions his death.
“The first wave of the left party, started off well under 2Lt. Cummins, a very gallant young officer whom I had put in command in place of the original commander. Then Sergeant Hackett, was almost immediately killed”.
The Germans offered a chivalrous local armistice, allowing Augustine & his comrades bodies to be recovered.
He is remembered with honour at Kemmel Chateau Military Cemetery
HE WENT TO WAR
FOR THE SAKE OF PEACE
HE DIED WITHOUT HATE
THAT LOVE MIGHT LIVE
Wallis Darlington was born in Dublin in March 1884 to James Faucett Darlington a printer and his wife Ellen. From the 1901 Census, Wallis aged 17 is living with his parents at 2 Spences Terrace, near Cork Street, right in the heart of the Liberties area in Dublin. Wallis was an Engine Fitters Apprentice at Inchicore Rail Works.
More information can now be gleaned from the 1911 Census returns. Wallis(27) is now married to Matilda(23) and they have a baby daughter Charlotte(1). The family were now living at Tyrconnell St, in Inchicore in Dublin, tenements to be blunt!! Wallis & his family were Church of Ireland and he had been married to his wife for three years. Charlotte their daughter died in August 1911, from scarlet fever, a terrible bereavement for this young family. Not uncommon though for the time, as many children perished through living in squalid conditions. Their son Ralph arrived though in May 1912.
His occupation is now giving as an Engine Fitter, for the Great Southern & Western Railway at Inchicore Works. Tyrconnell Road where he now lived, is practically a stones throw, from the station works at Inchicore. From an article in the Evening Herald of the 6th November 1915, we gather that before the war, Wallis played half back for the railway team & was described as a ‘fine player’.
With the advent of the Great War, Wallis enlisted into the 6th Battalion the Leinster Regiment, at Dublin in September 1914. Following a period of training, on July 9th the Battalion as part of the 29th Brigade of the 10th Division, sailed from Liverpool on board the SS Mauretania, bound for the Dardanelles.
They arrived at Mudros on the small Greek island of Lemnos, on 26th July 1915. Mudros was only a staging post and on the 5th August the battalion arrived at Anzac, the 29th Brigade being at this time attached to the Australian & New Zealand Corps.
And so arrived Wallis at the front line, a trained and fighting man, ready to take on the Turks. The battalion were straight into the thick of things. Part of the 29th took part in actions on Sari Bair 6-10 August and at Hill 60 later that month.
Sari Bair on the whole, was the centre piece of the total August offensive, the breakout from Anzac!
The assault began late on the evening of the 6th August and although the first attacks on the Turkish covering were successful, it soon became clear that the operation was too ambitious.
The assaulting columns began to lose their way as they struggled through the maze of inter-cutting ravines, harassed by the light but elusive opposition of the Turks. This slowed progress to a crawl. When dawn broke on the 7th August, the columns, which should have been on the summits along Sari Bair ridge, where still languishing far below in the gullies & lower ridges, leading up to the peaks.
A further series of attacks were ordered, which resulted in lodgements on Chunuk Bair and Hill Q on August 8th. But by the end of August 9th, the question was no longer whether the British could seize control of Sari Bair, but whether they could hold on to the gains they had made.
The men were in badly entrenched, enfalided positions; they were exhausted, hungry, thirsty and lacking in local leadership, as a result of the high casualties among their Officers & NCO’s. Above all the divisions & brigades had become totally intermixed, with no clearly defined command structure, and they were bereft of orders to tell them what they were meant to be trying to do. It was a potentially disastrous situation.
On the 10th August, Mustafa Kemal led the newly arrived Turkish reserves in a massed counter-attack across the top of the Sari Bair Ridge. Pushed back from Chunuk Bair & Hill Q, the British came tumbling back from the hills, sometimes in good order, sometimes not. The attempt to seize the Sari Bair heights had ended, as it had begun, in failure.
On the morning of the 11th of August, the 6th Leinsters along with the rest of the Brigade, was relieved and marched back in the direction of the beach. The men had earned a rest, since they had been fighting hard for thirty six hours and had been going two days without sleep.
Wallis & the 6th Leinster’s fighting on the peninsula, was at an end, with this one battle. The Leinster’s lost 6 Officers & 81 men killed at Sari Bair
Allied casualties over the five day period amounted to 12,500 men out of a total of 37,000 present, more than 33% of the Allied force at Anzac.
Wallis went on to survive the war, eventually transferring & finishing with the Royal Engineers (Waterways, Railways & Roads) section. For his service during the Great War 1914 – 18, he was awarded the 1914/15 Star, British War Medal & Victory Medal, (Pictured below).
He returned to his job at Inchicore Works as an engine fitter. Wallis died of heart failure in May 1945 and is buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery, in Harold’s Cross, Dublin. His wife Matilda outlived him, for a further twelve years, dying on 30th July 1957.
Royal Irish Regiment, attached 5th Battalion Mounted Infantry,
Awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal for Gallantry at Tabaksberg, South Africa in January 1901,
From Blanchardstown, Dublin,
Edward Lovely was born in the Parish of Blanchardstown, near Dublin, in the summer of 1870. He worked as a labourer in the Ordnance Survey before enlisting into the Royal Irish Regiment at Clonmel on 24 January 1890, for a term of 12 years. He was 5ft 7, with brown eyes & brown hair. His next of kin was his brother John, who lived in Marlborough Street, Dublin.
Edward served at home until October 1890, when he was posted to the 2nd Battalion, the Royal Irish Regiment in India. During his time in India, Edward took part in the campaigns on the Northwest Frontier, receiving the Indian General Service Medal with clasps for the Punjab Frontier 1897/98 & Samana 1897. In total Edward served almost 7 1/2 years in India returning home in January 1898, before transferring to the Army Reserve.
With the outbreak of the Boer War in South Africa, Edward rejoined the colours in May 1899, arriving with the 1st Battalion at Cape Town in January 1900. Edward then transferred to the 5th Battalion as part of the Regiment’s Mounted Infantry.
When the South African War broke out it became apparent that more mounted troops were needed to cover the great distances. The infantry regiments were asked to provide men to train as mounted infantry.
The 5th Regiment saw action at, Paardeberg, 18th-27th Feb 1900 & at Bothaville, 6th Nov 1900 before arriving at Tabaksberg late in January 1901.
‘Towards the end of January, 1901, it was discovered that De Wet was secretly concentrating his burghers for another attempt to raid into Cape Colony. Many columns, including that in which the 5th M.I. were serving, were directed against him and caught up his rear-guard at the Tabaksberg, where on the 29th of January the Boers fought a delaying action, in the course of which a handful of the Royal Irish earned praise for their dash in “rushing” a kopje, and then for holding it against very heavy odds.’
It was here that Edward was recommended for the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM). The Regimental history states that ‘‘An intelligent & most useful N.C.O. Showed great gallantry in rushing a Kopje at the fight at Tabaksberg in 1901.’
For the rest of the war the 5th Regiment MI were involved in escorting convoys and clearing farms. But there were also skirmishes to break the monotony. On 17th Oct 1901 a detachment of the RI company was surrounded by a large force of Boers, and after a fight in which the officer and 3 men were wounded, were compelled to surrender. This was an unfitting end to the RI’s part in the Mounted Infantry campaigning in South Africa. Those men of the 5th MI who survived to the end of the war were awarded the South Africa medal with clasps for the Relief of Kimberley, Paardeberg, Johannesburg, Diamond Hill and Wittebergen.
Edward was discharged on 5 January 1903, on termination of his limited period of engagement and received a gratuity of £20.
Serjeant John Joseph Tait enlisted in Royal Dublin Fusiliers at Naas and first served in France with the 2nd Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers from 23 August 1914 as Lance Serjeant. The 2nd Battalion landed at Boulogne as part of 10th Brigade in 4th Division.
On the 24th August, the British Expeditonary Force (BEF), began to retreat from the Belgian City of Mons. It was during this retreat that the 2nd Dublin Fusiliers, as part of the 4th Infantry Division, were brought over from England and placed around the town of Le Cateau. Their objective was to provide a rear guard force that would cover the retreating BEF.
On April 25th, 1915, the 2nd battalion force marched 50 kilometres to fill a gap in the British lines to try and retake the village of St Julien from the Germans. They got within 100 yards of the German lines before being “mown down, like corn, by machine guns in enfilade. They remained lying dead in rows where they had fallen”, as the British official history put it.The battalion suffered 500 casualties, though John came through unscathed. It was possibly here, where John may have received his recommendation for the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM). For all ranks below commissioned officers, it was the second highest award for gallantry in action after the Victoria Cross..
Worse was to follow a month later at a place called Mouse Trap Farm which exists to this day. Mouse Trap Farm was a place of dread for the British soldiers, who nicknamed it Shell Trap Farm.
The assault on Mouse Trap Farm was to be the Germans’ last attempt to take Ypres from the British. On the morning of May 24th, 1915, they drenched the Allied lines with chlorine gas along a 12 kilometre front.
Three Irish battalions held the line around Mouse Trap Farm. To the right was the 1st Royal Irish Fusiliers, in the centre was the 2nd Royal Dublin Fusiliers and to the left was the 2nd Royal Irish Regiment.
The RDF bore the brunt of the German assault on the trenches surrounding Mouse Trap Farm. Their trenches were within 35 metres of the German lines. They could hear the hissing of the gas being released. Within seconds the Germans were on top of them.
The Dublins quickly lost their commanding officer, Lieut Col Arthur Loveband, from Naas, Co Kildare, who was shot through the heart. The situation for the RDF grew ever more desperate. One officer sent out the message “For God’s sake send some help, we are nearly done”. No help was forthcoming. The only surviving officer, Capt Leahy, recalled that the men “died fighting at their post”.
At the end of the day all that was left was one officer and 21 other ranks out of a total complement of 658 officers and men. Rarely in that terrible war had a single battalion suffered such a wipeout.
The Royal Irish Regiment, drawn mostly from the southeast and the Royal Irish Fusiliers from Armagh, Cavan and Monaghan, also suffered grievous losses in what was the bleakest of bleak days for Irish regiments. The whole of Ireland was affected by the tragedy, which also claimed the life of Pte John Condon from Waterford city who was with the Royal Irish Regiment. At 14, he was the youngest Allied soldier to die in the war.
John died wretchedly of gas poisoning two days later. His will confirms that he died at No 8 Casualty Clearing Station on 26 May 1915 having made out his will in hospital and that all his effects should go to his wife on the event of his death. Serjeant Tait is buried in the Bailleul Communal Cemetery Extension, Nord, France.
It is this particular horror of gas that is captured in Wilfred Owen’s poem Dulce et Decorum Est, arguably the most widely read description of the horrors of war in the English language.
Peter, an old soldier with 15 years service in the army, was living in Wishaw, Scotland, when he enlisted into the 12th Battalion, Highland Light Infantry in the spring of 1915. He landed with his battalion, in Boulogne on the 2nd of October 1915 as part of the 46th Brigade in 15th (Scottish) Division.
Peter was killed in action whilst attached to a working party of the Royal Engineers, on the 1st September 1916.
Working parties were regularly sent out to mend shell damage to the trenches and their defences. These soldiers carry coils of barbed wire and corkscrew pickets (metal stakes) for repairing the belts of wire that protected the trenches. This was done to prevent the enemy from getting close to front-line positions.
Peter’s body was found and he is remembered with honour at Vermelles British Cemetery.